The ISIS Threat and al-Qaeda influence
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) or the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or simply the Islamic State was allowed to cultivate and grow in Camp Bucca Detention Center (Prison) on the Iraq-Kuwait border. There during his almost five year stay, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, under the label of a Sunni Islam Muslim cleric, was allowed to go among the over two dozen compounds and thousands of detainees (22,000+) and meet with Muslim Brotherhood jihadists and al-Qaeda terrorists. Baghdadi received the name ‘the invisible sheikh.’
Background History Timeline
August 1990: Iraq invaded Kuwait; and then King Fahd met with U.S.V.P. Cheney requesting military assistance. U.S. jets arrived in Saudi Arabia.
January 1991: U.S./U.N. Allied forces attacked on the 17th with Apache helicopters. The next day the first Scud missiles hit Israel and U.S. air strikes are launched from Turkey.
January 1991: The Gulf War ended the end of February 1991 with Iraqis troops leaving Kuwait City and a cease-fire ordered. About 30,000+ Iraq soldiers were killed and 292 Coalition Allied troops.
1991-1998: UN Resolutions; Iraq weapons inspections for chemical and potential weapons of mass destruction; Sanctions; and media and political pressures.
June 1993: US Naval forces launch cruise missiles on Iraq’s Intelligence HQ in Baghdad after a failed assassination attempt on President George Bush (in Kuwait).
December 1998: Saddam Hussein ended Iraq’s cooperation with UNSCOM.
December 1999: the UN replaced UNSCOM with UNMOVIC.
February 2000: Iraq tells the UN weapons inspectors were no longer allowed in Iraq.
December 2000: Iraq stops exporting oil to western nations.
February 2001: U.S. and British air forces bombed Iraq’s air defenses.
September 11, 2001 after Islamic terrorist attacks with four hijacked American planes, nearly 3,000 people were killed in New York City at the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, in the plane crash in Pennsylvania (meant for the White House) and in Washington D.C. at the Pentagon.
November 26, 2001: President Bush: ‘If anybody harbors a terrorist, they’re a terrorist.’ Over the next 16 years trillions would be spent on the Iraq War and the U.S. debt would rise from about $3.6 trillion (November 2001) to about $19.8 trillion (November 2016). The debt cost of the Iraq, Afghanistan and ISIS wars during this time was between $6 trillion and $8 trillion to U.S. taxpayers.
In 2003, Camp Bucca, named after a Fire Marshal who died on 9/11, began to take prisoners of war. The camp was expanded at least 5 times, to hold about 24,000 in 2008.
In 2004, ISIS emerged from al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), as an offshoot founded by Abu Musab al Zarqawi. It had a voice, by no real power or significant military due to U.S. attacks in Iraq.
In 2006, Zarqawi was killed in a U.S. strike; and December Saddam Hussein executed for crimes against humanity and for ordering thousands of his own citizens killed.
In 2007, Muslim cleric/warrior Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was put in Camp Bucca.
In 2008, approximately 2,400 of the 15,000 ISI (Islamic State of Iraq) militants were killed and 8,800 captured.
During 2009 the recruitment of ISI fighters from foreign countries is said to have dropped to about 4% of its previous 120 per month flow. However, about that time after 6 years, US troops withdraw from cities in Iraq; and al-Qaeda increased car and suicide bombings and militant attacks.
By 2010, Abu Bakr al Baghdadi was the leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq, which later splintered into the Islamic State of Iraq and al Sham (Syria) or Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS).
In 2011, the US offered a $10 million reward for the ‘terrorist’ Baghdadi. December US troops pull out of Iraq.
In 2012, ISI was victorious in eight (8) prison breaks that freed hundreds of there jihadists brothers.
During 2013, the death toll of civilians was over 7,100, more than doubled 2012’s 3,238.
In February 2014 al-Qaeda separated with ISIS. In part due to ISIS extreme tactics; who has authority; as well as a social media campaign against each other. ISIS spokesmen insulted Zawahri, Osama bin Laden’s successor and head of Al-Qaeda. However, in November militant leaders from ISIS and al-Qaida met in Syria and agreed to work together.
By the spring of 2015, US military intelligence estimated that ISIS could have 9,000 to 18,000 fighters. During 2015, ISIS gained such power that more than 10,000 U.S. coalition airstrikes were conducted in Iraq and Syria between September 2014 and September 2016.
In 2016, some reports stated that Baghdadi was killed in airstrikes; but they have not been verified; on 12/16/16 the reward on the 1st Emir and Leader of the Islamic State increased to $25 million.
January 2017, the day before Obama left office, B-2 bombers attacked ISIS Camps in Libya. President Donald Trump vowed to destroy ISIS. However, ISIS’ influence has and is spreading into most Muslim countries where radical Muslims accept their vision and tactics.
The Threat and Power
Since it caliphate was declared June 2014, ISIS or the Islamic State has committed or inspired over 150 significant terrorist attacks in 30 countries besides Iraq and Syria. Thousands have been killed and thousands permanently wounded or disabled. November 13, 2015 in Paris, one of the worst claimed the lives of over 130 people. At least 32 were killed in Brussels March 22, 2016. July 14, 2016 in Nice, 84 were killed as a French-Tunisian Islamic terrorist drove through crowds celebrating France’s National Day. Obama’s Secretary of State John Kerry said soon after there was ‘no indication… ISIS’ conducted the attack; yet, French sources showed it was inspired by ISIS. Just nine days later in Kabul, Afghanistan more than 80 people were killed and 260 wounded by ISIS bombs.
It is impossible to calculate the level of hatred in people, or number of young influenced individuals willing die even by suicide in order to carry out attacks on their swore enemy. However, we can discover sources of influence on most of those individuals and future and potential terrorists.
Among the influences on radical Islamists is Inspire Magazine. The online magazine is published by al-Qaeda and available to nearly anyone with internet capability. The first issue was in June 2010 and offered translated messages from Osama bin Laden. As early as the second issue, Inspire was encouraging and calling for attacks on U.S. soil. The article, ‘the Ultimate Mowing Machine’ suggested that followers ‘mow down’ Americans with trucks; note the 2014 method used in the Nice attack.
In the October 2010 issue by Samir Khan, he stated, ‘I am proud to be a traitor to America;’ a year later he was killed in a drone strike in Yemen.
Autumn 2016, INSPIRE ISSUE 16 was issued, on the cover ‘and inspire the believers.’ (https://azelin.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/inspire-magazine-16.pdf?utm_medium=BlogPost&utm_campaign=InspireIssue2016&utm_source=ISDA)
The online magazine is produced by Al-Malahem Media, part of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). They also put out ‘Inspire Guide,’ a print magazine in Arabic and English which also feature operations or attacks that have occurred.
Among its articles that appeared in Inspire Issue 16 are ‘the Successful Pressure Cooker Bomb,’ and ‘A Message to our Muslim Brothers in America.’ Other issues have feature such bombs; nevertheless, in September 2016, days before this Issue 16, two pressure cooker bombs were placed in a Chelsea Manhattan neighborhood; one injuring 29 people and the other founded and disarmed.
The magazine reported on ‘guidelines on Chelsea operation,’ including ‘the First Point: Selecting the day of the week… Saturday night, this is when the streets are crowded with people… good timing…;’ ‘The Second Point: Selecting the place…’ and the article concluded, “Finally; we say to our Muslim brothers in the West …This is America which wages war against the Muslims all over the world directly or through its agents. So it is obligated upon you by the sharia to stand against it and its imperialistic projects. And to our brothers, the heroes of Lone Jihad, we urge you to target America… By Allah rise up and give victory to Islam and by Allah rise up and wage Jihad.”
In another article of Issue 16, speaking on ‘shariah terminology… in the Islamic books’ and ‘Jihad against the infidels,’ including ‘four categories of disbelievers,’ they write, “the legitimate ruling on the combatant infidels, whether they are fighting Muslims or not, from Quran and Sunna, and upon the righteous caliphs and the predecessors after them, is that the combatants should be killed and their women and children will be taken captive and their money and property as war booty… Allah the Almighty says… ‘kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah (tax of about 2.5% of wealth and earnings), let them go on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Yet) He says, ‘fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you… kill them wherever you overtake them…”
In their article, ‘The Call to Jihad doesn’t die do to the death of our leaders,’ they wrote, “the Noble knight and humble Sheikh, Abu Baseer Nasir al-Wihaishi departed us – may Allah give mercy to him… and Sheikh Osama Bin Laden… By the killing of our brothers, we become more committed to their principles, and by Allah’s will – we will continue clinging to the same course of jihad and da’wa (‘the summons’ or ‘calling’), illuminated by their blood and paved by their torn limbs. A light illuminating the path for us, and a fire that stirs us up to take revenge from the infidel nations…”